Camping In National Forests
One of the greatest things to do with your RV in the United States is to go free camping in our national forests.
There's much to choose from with 154 national forests available and 20 grasslands in our country.
They add up to about 190 million acres of forest land available to access for recreation.
Visitors can use any of the 4,300 campgrounds in these areas for a small fee. Dispersed camping in national forests is normally free.
There are so many dispersed camping spots that they cannot be counted. (Technically, one could cram a bunch of RVs into one area so you can't 'count' dispersed camping sites.)
The US Forest Service manages these areas as there are regulations and policies that should be followed.
Do you want to go camping on national forest land? Yes, yes you do.
Let's show you how you can!
Can You Camp Anywhere In National Forests?
The short answer here is no way. As mentioned above, there are restrictions that help minimize damage to the camping locations.
There are developed campgrounds in national forests. You will have no choice but to park in a designated site at these locations.
Dispersed national forest camping has different rules than does camping in a national forest developed campground.
Dispersed camping rules only allow you to stay where there are signs of previous human inhabitation.
Look for things such as fire rings, bare soil, a clearing that has no grass and maybe has firewood stacked nearby.
Use your common sense, too. If you see a grassy area that looks like it was fine until someone recently damaged it by staying where they shouldn't have, it's NOT a proper site.
Some popular places are cracking down on campers. People have parked in areas that never were originally a spot.
In some places, park officials brought in boulders or other blocking aids to keep future campers from causing more impact. They serve to keep people from parking in those spots.
Please do your part and DON'T create unnecessary impact by damaging virgin wilderness.
How To Find Dispersed Campsites
As previously mentioned, national forests offer campgrounds as well as remote camping which they call 'dispersed camping'. Here are the best ways to find these sites and areas.
To find dispersed camping areas (and campgrounds), we suggest starting with Campendium. Search under 'National Forests', then filter for 'free', and you will find everything available in each state.
Secondly, you can go to the closest ranger station. They can also tell you where dispersed camping is permitted.
Google Satellite View
Google Satellite can also be of assistance. By checking out the satellite view of a national forest, you might find clearings down dirt roads in national forest areas. You may also see campers pictured in some of those spots. Still, if you choose to go to those places, look for signs stating that camping is allowed and for how long.
MVUM stands for Motor Vehicle Use Maps. This is a much more advanced way of finding remote sites. To learn how, watch our video below.
Is Dispersed Camping Safe?
If you have read any of our articles on boondocking/dry camping/dispersed camping, you already know that it's safer to camp where there are fewer people than in places where the population is crowded.
Nobody drives for miles outside of towns to try to find a campsite with an RV in it containing clothing, food, and games and no cash in it.
You may as well worry about getting attacked by a rabid raccoon. The odds of a person robbing or attacking you are slim to none.
Sure, it's likely to feel scary the first time you go driving down a dirt road looking for a spot. But with a few precautions and a little pre-planning, you will be perfectly fine in your exploration and adventure.
How Long Can I Camp In A National Forest?
Short answer- it depends.
Each area has its own rules about national forest free camping.
If you found your area on Campendium, often the stay limit is stated for that area. That's what I rely on most of the time.
National forest camping is usually about a 14-day limit.
However, very crowded and popular places have set a shorter stay duration, such as Shadow Mountain in the Tetons.
They now have a 5-day limit posted from May 1st through Labor Day, and you cannot return for at least 30 days.
Campendium often links to the corresponding national forest website so you can do your due diligence.
If you stay in a developed campground, it will state the stay limit.
Do your homework and make sure you are US forest service camping properly.
What Do I Need To Survive Dispersed Camping?
This is a broad question. 'Survive' is maybe the wrong word. Remember, there are no hookups or facilities 'out there'. You need to be able to sustain your amenities for the duration of your stay.
(Food can almost always be purchased nearby, usually within a 40 minute drive.)
The best way to know whether you can make it is to try RV camping in a campground without hooking up.
Count the number of days you last, and there you go. You can make modifications as needed after that.
Camping In National Forests: 7 Pro Secrets!
We have some pro tips for you!
- Arrival: Never arrive after dark
- Find It: If dispersed camping, pin your spot on Google Maps if it's not an easy place to get to in the dark
- Winter: Be careful near winter- often NF roads are not plowed in the event of snowfall
- Insider Tips: Go to the local ranger station to get tips for great experiences/where to go
- Timing: Avoid popular spots in the middle of the summer. Go during shoulder season.
- Trash: Don't store your trash outside or even inside of a soft sided item such as a tent
- Leave No Trace: better yet, pick up existing trash to get more enjoyment out of your surroundings
How Much Does It Cost To Camp In A National Forest?
I have never paid for dispersed camping in national forests. Nor has Camp Addict Co-Founder Marshall.
NF developed campgrounds often do have a charge to stay. It's usually cheaper than private campgrounds, ranging anywhere from $5/night to $25/night depending on the popularity of the area.
Some are even free!
NF campgrounds aren't much different from other campgrounds. There are rules, sites, neighbors, and sometimes utilities.
Dispersed Camping- What's In It For Me?
Dry camping in a National Forest has plenty of perks. You get solitude, unlike you would in a campground. The distance to your nearest neighbors will be much greater.
Your views might include parking by a lake, a meadow, a waterfall, streams, mountains, a river, and you may see some wildlife/animals such as bears, deer, or raccoons.
You don't have to make reservations. You will be camping with a dark sky. The peace and quiet rivals the noise of a campground with facilities. There are less restrictions. The diversity will be greater.
Overall, the joy of being outdoors and in nature rivals the experience of staying around a bunch of humans.
Just be responsible- stay on the roads, camp responsibly, leave no trace, stay on the trails, put out your fires and all embers, and don't leave your waste at your site.
Why SHOULDN'T I Camp In A Remote Location?
Here are some good reasons:
- You aren't very adventurous
- External toilet access is required
- The water tank in your RV isn't large enough to go for even a few days
- Your electricity/battery bank won't last long enough
- You want to stay close to civilization
- Bugs and insects creep you out. Oh wait, they will be there no matter how you camp.
- You want to venture into town every day and it's not close to the NF you want to explore
Staying In A National Forest Developed Campground
Are they amazing? Hmmm, they CAN be. But here are some snafus:
Often, these campgrounds have nothing but maybe a camp host. Some of them don't have anyone at the helm. You simply pay at a pay station. All good so far.
There may be a ranger or an employee that comes through daily to pick up payments and to be sure everyone has paid as they should.
Amenities are usually limited. Often, you'll be dry camping even though you're paying. There may be toilets, waste cans, there may be grills available, and possibly potable water. There may be NO utilities available.
SOME places may have full hook-ups. But with national forests and often state parks, utilities are often minimal. Check before you arrive so you know what to expect and to bring.
These campgrounds are often fairly small. You aren't going to typically find 100 sites at a national forest campground. There may be 10, there may be 30. They just usually aren't very large.
Some are a first-come-first-serve basis, so you may arrive and not have anywhere to park.
(Check length limits as well before visiting.)
It's a risk you just have to take.
(This is just one of the many reasons why I never stay in campgrounds.)
Making a National Forest your destination for car camping, tent camping, or to park your rig while you go exploring is a great experience.
There are different activities, you can choose a campground stay or to camp remotely, and it's either free or you will have a nominal fee to stay.
You don't need a permit, and you will be surrounded by beauty, almost guaranteed.
Get your feet wet by staying in a national forest campsite, and when you feel comfortable enough, get out there and do some dispersed camping away from civilization.
It will be 100% worth it.
Author: Kelly Beasley
Kelly Beasley is co-founder of Camp Addict and loves sharing her enthusiasm for the RVing lifestyle. As a full-time RVer since May 2015, Kelly's playful writing style helps make learning about the sometimes dull subject of RV products a bit more interesting.